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20 october 2020

— The Atlantic Council says in a news release that Estonia President Kersti Kaljulaid on Monday virtually convened the heads of state of Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia, as well as representatives of the European Union, Germany, and the United States, for a summit on the Three Seas Initiative. According to the Atlantic Council, the summit “highlighted investments into the Fund by nine Three Seas member states and the Amber Infrastructure Group, the fund manager, totaling 923 million Euros. Poland also announced a 250 million Euro increase in its investment into the fund.”

— Bloomberg News says “the winner of this year’s Nobel Peace Prize is calling on the super rich to help fight a worsening global hunger crisis as governments divert efforts to helping battered economies.” UN World Food Programme Executive Director David Beasley said in an interview that the organization “wants billionaires and big businesses to boost contributions to tackling famine, which often leads to political instability and mass displacement of people.” Beasley said, “Economic deterioration, supply chain disruption coupled with the increased needs — 2021 is not looking good. We’ve got the solution. We’ve got a vaccine against starvation and destabilization. That’s called food, and we just need money.” The Indian Express has an explainer piece on the WFP’s award.

— The Africa Report looks at the African Union’s decision to formally back Nigerian-born economist Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala to lead the World Trade Organization, writing that until last week, “the pan-African organisation had refused to take a stand, despite the fact that its current president, South African Cyril Ramaphosa, had already announced his personal support for the Nigerian candidacy at the start of September.”

— Nicole Deitelhoff writes at the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt blog that multilateralism “is in a state of crisis. Support for international institutions, norms, and processes looks to be diminishing, as does compliance with the regulations such institutions impose on state actors.” Deitelhoff says multilateralism “is not an end in itself; and nor can it be left to its own devices. It invariably relies on the support of those who the regulations apply to and from the organizations involved in the establishment, compliance, and continued development of those regulations. A comprehensive strategy must therefore provide for both: bolstering the system as a whole, on the one hand, and deploying the limited resources where they can be of most benefit, on the other.”

— The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars website carries a 13,000-word paper by nuclear security fellow Ryan Alexander Musto entitled “‘Atoms For Police’: The United States And The Dream Of A Nuclear-Armed United Nations, 1945-62.”

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